THE MASS EXTERMINATION of JEWS in GERMAN OCCUPIED POLAND

THE MASS EXTERMINATION of JEWS in GERMAN OCCUPIED POLAND

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NOTE
Published on behalf of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs by HUTCHINSON & CO. (Publishers) LTD
LONDON ; NEW YORK ;MELBOURNE.

Published on behalf of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs by

DVD KARSKI
THE LORDS OF HUMANITY
A FILM BY SŁAWOMIR GRUNBERG

THE MASS EXTERMINATION of JEWS in GERMAN OCCUPIED POLAND

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NOTE addressed to the Governments of the United Nations on December 10th,1942, and other documents Published on behalf of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs by HUTCHINSON & CO. (Publishers) LTD LONDON ; NEW YORK ;MELBOURNE. Raczyński's Note was the official diplomatic note of the government of Poland in exile from December 10, 1942, signed by Minister of Foreign Affairs Edward Raczyński regarding the extermination of the Jews in German-occupied Poland. It was the first official report on the Holocaust, informing the Western public about these crimes. It was also the first official speech of one of the governments in defense of all Jews persecuted by Germany – not only citizens of their country Jan Kozielewski (Jan Karski is a pseudonym) was born in 1914 in Łódź, a multicultural city that is close to the cluster of the Jewish community. He was raised in a Catholic family as the youngest of eight siblings. He graduated in law and diplomacy at the University of Lviv and the Volyn Reserve School Officers. Just before the outbreak of World War II, he entered into a diplomatic career at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. After the Russians invaded eastern Poland in September 1939, Karski together with thousands of Polish officers associated in Soviet captivity. Thanks to a happy combination of circumstances, he managed to get to the German occupation zone and escape from transport, while all his main soldiers were murdered in 1940 in Katyn. After reaching Warsaw, Karski became involved in physical activity and became a courier of the Polish Underground State. Gifted with photographic memory and speaking several languages, he set out on a mission to the Polish government in exile in France and Great Britain several times, carrying secret instructions and orders. He contributed to the construction of the structures of the Polish Underground State and operates the next one in the occupied European political and military organization. During general coverage he was arrested and tortured by the Gestapo, causing suicide. After being recaptured by Home Army soldiers, he continued his underground activity. In preparation for the last and most important contract, Karski was introduced to the Warsaw ghetto to see the tragic situation of Jews with his own eyes. Disguised as a Ukrainian soldier, he also spent several hours in a transit camp in Izbica, with the participation of Jews transported to the death camp in Sobibór and Majdanek. There I again saw inhumanly treated people, starving and shooting people. In 1942, Karski passed information on the extermination of Jews to Western allies. He personally provided comprehensive reports and, as an eyewitness, appealed to the British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden, the international British media and establishment, about action to stop the Holocaust.The third report - already prepared by Karski - was finally edited in early December 1942 in London and forwarded to the Polish government. Then, in the English version, also to Allied leaders. It was the result of a mission entrusted to him by Cyril Ratajski, Government Delegate for the country. In the part of the report on the extermination of Jews - in cooperation with Jewish communities. He provided information on the structure, organization and functioning of the Underground State in occupied Poland, which was a phenomenon on the scale of all occupied European countries. In the part about Jews - an account of an eyewitness from the Warsaw Ghetto and the transit camp in Izbica. The government of General Władysław Sikorski decided to forward the "Karski Report" with a request to help the governments of England and the USA. It is believed that on the basis of documents brought by Karski in the form of microfilms and confirmed by his certificate, the then Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Government of the Republic of Poland in London Edward Raczyński prepared and on December 10, 1942 presented the Allies with a detailed report on the Holocaust [b]. It was his most important mission. In July 1943, two months after the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto, Karski met in the White House with the President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt. Karski's talks did not bring the expected results, and the Allied intervention never took place. During his visit to Washington, Karski also met with Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter, a close friend of President Roosevelt. Karski remembered this conversation: Mr. Karski - Frankfurter was to say - A man like me who talks with a man like you must be completely honest. So I have to say that I can't believe what I just heard - all the things you just told me.

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